In an effort to reduce health risks and prevent crime, the Act of 10 July 2023 amending the amended Act of 19 February 1973 on the sale of medicinal substances and the fight against drug addiction legalises the domestic cultivation of cannabis under certain conditions. The cultivation, starting from seed, up to four cannabis plants per domestic household is authorised for adults. As a consequence, personal consumption in the private sphere is authorised. The cultivation site must be either the home or the regular residence, and the plants must not be visible from public space.
At the same time, the law provides for the reduction of criminal penalties for small quantities of cannabis in public spaces, and a simplified criminal procedure has been introduced for some forms of behaviour that remain prohibited, namely the consumption, possession, transport and acquisition in public, for personal use only, of a maximum of three grams of cannabis by adults.
For minors, these same behaviours and the consumption of cannabis remain prohibited.