According to the Constitution, the political parties contribute to the formation of the will of the people and the expression of universal suffrage. They express democratic pluralism.
A political party means the association of natural persons, with or without legal personality, which contributes, according to the basic principles of democracy, to the expression of universal suffrage and the will of the people in the way defined in its statues or its programme.
The financing of political parties is regulated by law. Political parties which have presented a complete list in each electoral constituency during the legislative elections and a complete list during the European elections and which obtained at least two per cent of the total votes are entitled to a lump sum of €100,000 plus an additional amount of €11,500 per additional percentage point.
Only natural persons are entitled to make donations to political parties, donations from legal persons and associations, organisations or bodies which do not have a legal personality are not permitted. Anonymous donations are not permitted.
Luxembourg has a number of political parties, most of which are represented in the Chamber of Deputies. On the occasion of new legislative elections, however, it is not uncommon for small independent parties to be set up.