The formation of the 2018 government

15 October: resignation of the outgoing government and nomination of an informateur.1

On 15 October, the day following the legislative elections of 14 October 2018, the members of the outgoing government gathered for a final meeting of the Government Council.

After this session, the Prime Minister Xavier Bettel was welcomed in a hearing at the grand-ducal palace by HRH the Grand Duke. As is customary on the day following the legislative elections, the Prime Minister presented the resignation of the outgoing government to the head of state. HRH the Grand Duke asked the government to remain in office until a new government was formed, and assigned it the task of continuing to oversee any current affairs.

After the hearing with the Prime Minister Xavier Bettel, HRH the Grand Duke successively welcomed Mars di Bartolomeo, President of the Chamber of Deputies; Georges Wivenes, President of the Council of State; as well as the leaders of the political parties who presented a list in the four electoral constituencies, in a consultation hearing.  

After these hearings, HRH the Grand Duke appointed Martine Solovieff, State Public Prosecutor, as informateur for the formation of the new government.

1 person appointed to lead exploratory talks

16 October: appointment of a formateur2

On 16 October, Martine Solovieff reported to HRH the Grand Duke on her interviews with the representatives of the main political parties. The Democratic Party (DP), the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP) and the Greens (déi gréng) expressed their wish to begin negotiations in order to form a coalition.

Following these conclusions, the HRH the Grand Duke invited Xavier Bettel to a hearing and appointed him formateur.

2 person appointed to form the government

17 October: opening of coalition negotiations

On 17 October, the LSAP, DP and déi gréng delegations gathered to initiate the coalition negotiations under the presidency of the formateur Xavier Bettel. The first plenary meeting of the coalition negotiations was held on 17 October at the Hôtel des Terres rouges.

On this occasion, the delegation leaders confirmed that they had received the unanimous mandate of the governing bodies of their respective parties to enter these negotiations with the aim of forming the next government.

The first plenary meeting was essentially dedicated to setting the organisational framework of the negotiations. The negotiators agreed on the formation of 11 working groups:

  1. public finances, tax system, development of the financial centre (as well as international implications and Brexit);
  2. economy, employment, competitiveness, tourism, energy;
  3. social, family, health, equal opportunities;
  4. education, sport, youth, higher education and research, culture;
  5. the State, institutions, administrative reform, civil service, data protection;
  6. sustainable development, climate, resource protection, consumers, agriculture;
  7. housing, municipalities;
  8. international and cross-border policy, Europe, cooperation, defence, integration, immigration;
  9. media, digital, digitalisation;
  10. infrastructure, regional planning, mobility;
  11. justice, interior security.

22 October: composition of the delegations of the 11 working groups

The formateur informed the public that the plenary meetings of the coalition negotiations would take place at the Ministry of Foreign and European affairs. The order of appearance of the representatives invited by the formateur was as follows:

23 October:

  • State Treasury
  • Inspectorate of Finance
  • Registration Duties, Estates and VAT Authority
  • Tax Directorate
  • Customs and Excise Agency
  • Luxembourg Inland Revenue
  • National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies
  • Inspectorate of Labour and Mines
  • National Employment Agency (ADEM)
  • Financial Centre matters: State Treasury, Luxembourg Financial Sector Supervisory Commission (Commission de surveillance du secteur financier, CSSF), Supervisory Authority for the Insurance Sector

25 October:

  • General Inspectorate of Social Security
  • National Health Fund
  • National Pension Insurance Fund
  • Water Management Agency
  • Environment Agency
  • Union of Luxembourg Businesses
  • The Independent Luxembourg Trade Union Confederation (Onofhängege Gewerkschaftsbond Lëtzebuerg, OGBL), Luxembourg Confederation of Christian Trade Unions (Lëtzebuerger Chrëschtleche Gewerkschaftsbond, LCGB), General Confederation of the Civil Service (Confédération générale de la Fonction publique, CGFP)

26 October:

  • Permanent Representative of Luxembourg to the EU

14 November:

  • Luxembourg Central Bank
  • National Economic and Financial Committee

Further meetings took place on 16, 21, 22, 23, 28 and 29 November.

29 November: Inventory of the negotiations

On 29 November, during a press conference, the formateur Xavier Bettel and the heads of delegation of the DP, Corinne Cahen; the LSAP, Étienne Schneider; and déi gréng, Félix Braz, presented an inventory of the negotiations in view of the formation of the government.

The parties engaged in the negotiations for the formation of the new government agreed on the distribution of the following portfolios:

DP

Prime Minister, Minister of State

Minister of the Middle Classes

Minister for Communications and Media

Minister for Religious Affairs

Minister for Digitisation

Minister of Education, Children and Youth

Minister for Higher Education and Research

Minister for Family Affairs and Integration

Minister of Finance

Minister for the Civil Service

Minister for the Greater Region

Minister for Administrative Reform

Minister for Relations with Parliament

Minister for Tourism

LSAP

Deputy Prime Minister              

Minister of Foreign and European Affairs

Minister of Agriculture, Viticulture and Rural Development

Minister for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Affairs

Minister of the Economy

Minister of Equality between Women and Men

Minister of Immigration and Asylum

Minister for Home Affairs

Minister for Consumer Protection

Minister of Health

Minister of Social Security

Minister of Sport

Minister of Labour, Employment and the Social and Solidarity Economy

déi gréng

Deputy Prime Minister

Minister for Spatial Planning  

Minister for Culture

Minister of Defence

Minister for Energy

Minister for the Environment, Climate and Sustainable Development

Minister of Justice

Minister for Housing

Minister for Mobility and Public Works

Minister of Internal Security

3 December: signing of the coalition agreement

On 3 December, following the last plenary meeting, the formateur Xavier Bettel and the delegation heads Corinne Cahen, Étienne Schneider and Félix Braz signed the coalition agreement between the three parties during a press briefing.

4 December: agreement between the three parties

On 4 December, the coalition agreement and the distribution of the ministerial portfolios were approved by the bodies of the DP, the LSAP and déi gréng.

5 December: swearing in of the new government

On 5 December 2018, HRH the Grand Duke swore in the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Ministers and the appointed ministers. At the beginning of the ceremony, the head of state signed the grand-ducal decrees on the formation of the new government. The Prime Minister, followed by the other members of the government in order of precedence, then took the oath, as stated in article 110 of the constitution: "I swear allegiance to the Grand Duke and obedience to the Constitution and the laws of the State. I promise to fulfil my tasks with precision and impartiality." (translated from French)

The members of the government in order of precedence

Xavier Bettel

Prime Minister, Minister of State

Minister for Communications and Media

Minister for Religious Affairs

Minister for Digitalisation

Minister for Administrative Reform

Étienne Schneider

Deputy Prime Minister

Minister of the Economy

Minister of Health

Félix Braz

Deputy Prime Minister

Minister of Justice

Jean Asselborn

Minister of Foreign and European Affairs

Minister of Immigration and Asylum

Romain Schneider

Minister of Agriculture, Viticulture and Rural Development

Minister of Social Security

François Bausch

Minister of Defence

Minister for Mobility and Public Works

Minister of Internal Security

Pierre Gramegna
Minister of Finance
Dan Kersch

Minister of Sport

Minister of Labour, Employment and the Social and Solidarity Economy

Claude Meisch

Minister of Education, Children and Youth

Minister for Higher Education and Research

Corinne Cahen

Minister for Family Affairs and Integration

Minister for the Greater Region

Carole Dieschbourg
Minister for the Environment, Climate and Sustainable Development
Marc Hansen

Minister for the Civil Service

Minister for Relations with Parliament

Minister Delegate for Digitisation

Minister Delegate for Administrative Reform

Claude Turmes

Minister for Energy

Minister for Spatial Planning

Paulette Lenert

Minister for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Affairs

Minister for Consumer Protection

Sam Tanson

Minister for Culture

Minister for Housing

Taina Bofferding

Minister for Home Affairs

Minister of Equality between Women and Men

Lex Delles

Minister for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

Minister for Tourism 

11 December: Government declaration

On 11 December 2018, Xavier Bettel, Prime Minister, Minister of State, presented the government declaration to Parliament. Debates on the government declaration took place in Parliament on 12 December 2018.

News and reference documents

 

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